BP6 “Growing New Leaders”


Part 1: Please share what 2 changes/additions you made to your website (note if they were peer suggested or your own ideas) and explain your reasoning behind it.

 Part 2: Using citations and key points from the Morse Chapter 7 (“Growing New Leaders”) text, explain 3 important elements of building a “leadership plaza.”

Part 1:

There were three changes I made to my developing website: added an image of myself, updated my ‘About Me’ section, and added titles to my blog posts.
I agreed with my peer that an image of myself is appropriate for the website because we are working towards branding ourselves through the age of technology. I believe we must utilize the website to its fullest functions and represent ourselves in a professional manner.

Another change I made to the website was update the “About Me” section as well as moved it to be the first tab so that visitors to my page can have easier access to getting to know me through my work as suggested by my peer.

The last change I made took me some time because I had to re-visit my past blogs and add titles to them. Before, the titles were just “BP” along with the numbered blog it was. Now, I’ve added titles based on the prompts of the blogs to give readers a better understanding of what’s ahead in reading the blogs.

Part 2:

After reading this chapter from Morse (2014), it reminded me of the actress Viola Davis winning an award for a movie role she played in. During her acceptance speech, Davis spoke about opportunities from the perspective of an African American women having the chance to be onscreen and win an award for it. She called these chances “opportunities.” The reason that this specific chapter reminded me of this moment was because Morse spoke about opportunities as one of the key elements of building a “leadership plaza.” Opportunities allow members of the community to get involved in the community. And along with opportunities comes  responsibility. If the community wants to seek changes, then people in the community should be held accountable. This then leads to the second key element of building a leadership plaza. Meaning, everyone is responsible for changes in the community. Having responsibility means that members of the community have something to do in terms of giving back to the community. The last key element is finding resources through connections and common ground. The members of the community must work towards the same goals and move together to build an effective leadership plaza.

Morse, S. (2014). Smart communities: How citizens and local leaders can use strategic thinking to build a brighter future (2nd edition). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

BP5 – Voluntary & Private Sectors

Prompt: Explain the role the voluntary and private sector have in social welfare. Describe at least 2 benefits and 2 concerns relating to both voluntary and private sectors.

The Voluntary Sector (2 benefits and concerns)

Voluntary sector is based on non-profit organizations such as social service agencies working to enhance the human well-being on both the micro and macro level. For example, the voluntary sector steps in during crisis in terms of terrorist attacks or natural disasters in the United States. The voluntary sector is funded through organizations, donations, and private non-profit agencies. However, concerns being raised are the fact that the voluntary sector survives through the government. If the government was going through a financial crisis, the voluntary sector is affected by these changes. Also, voluntary sectors can get through without being taxed.

The Private Sector (2 benefits and concerns)

Private sectors have full control when providing for social services without government intervention. Under the idea of privatization, the private sector has a “business: mindset of running things between the private and public world. This can be bad because of the rules that run how private sectors run making things strict to be flexible in serving its people.

Karger, H. J., & Stoesz, D.  (2013). American social welfare policy: A pluralist approach (7th ed.).  New York: Allyn & Bacon.

BP5 – Birmingham, Alabama


Two-part Blog Post:

Part 1: On your blog, name 3 changes you recommend for your peers’ website.
1.  One change recommended is workable links. Though my peer had such a neat and organized blog page with images and quotes that truly matched the characteristic of my peer.

2. Possibly an updated picture to match my peer more in current time. We are always changing through-out the years and season, so an image to show we are current with the time of the year helps readers to know we keep up with our blog page.

3. My peer’s blog had a title, theme, menu, blog roll, and biography along with images and an updated resume. Possibly add more features as to showcase our life as a social worker student especially through practicum experience.

Part 2: Name a town from Morse Chapter 6 “Preserving the Past” and write about the problem faced by the town and two ways they successfully preserved their past. Cite aspects of importance from supportive text/articles.

Part 2:
I have learned about Birmingham, Alabama as early as elementary school because it is a historical landmark for some of the greatest Civil Rights movements. Birmingham, Alabama is known for its segregated community between the African Americans and the White Americans. Around the 1960’s the community was challenged with integrating African American’s into the community. As the African American peoples grew larger and stronger, White American peoples were fighting that force. This then lead to a church bombing, killing four African American girls, on a popular street of protest (16th Street Baptist). Enough is enough, the leaders of the community, such as the Mayor at the time (David Vann) decided that a civil rights museum would bring the community together. Of course, any change is resisted in the community because people are comfortable with their set ways. White American leaders were opposed to the idea of the museum as well. Though, the idea was kept alive and well with the hopes that this museum would bring the community together by looking at the history and learning from the past. Because of those yesterday, today, we have the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute. We are also able to look at Birmingham’s history and we should preserve its past by appreciating those that fought for the idea of a better community for all peoples to achieve a greater future.

Morse, S. (2014). Smart communities: How citizens and local leaders can use strategic thinking to build a brighter future (2nd edition). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

BP4 – Poverty & Unemployment

Prompt: Discuss at least 2 ways poverty and unemployment are measured as well as how these measures affect pictures of poverty or unemployment.  [For example, would the poverty threshold or poverty guidelines measure higher?  How might this affect legislation regarding poverty?]

Poverty is measured in two ways:

  1. Poverty threshold also called poverty line – the official federal poverty measure used for stats when estimating numbers of Americans in poverty per year; takes cost of food plan and multiply numbers by three.
  2. Poverty guideline – measures a lower number of poverty level as opposed to poverty threshold. Used for measuring who qualifies for programs funded by the government.

How unemployment is measured is based on how the individual views employment in terms of definition. For example, being employed is allowed for individuals 16 years of age and older legally in the United States based on the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. However, looking at employment and unemployment rates are biased because it does not partake in what is part-time and full-time status.


BP4 – 4 Types of Community (According to Hardcastle)

Prompt: Referencing the Hardcastle article, please explain the 4 types of community studies (field work study, community power structure study, community analysis study, and problems and services study), using 2-3 sentences to describe each one.

Field work study: This study involves using different perspectives looking at cases by using interviewing and observation to familiarize with the communities culture and network. The community organizer than charts what he/she has seen and heard and make further connections to the community.

Community power structure study: Similar to field work study, but is compared with a study that has done in the past. This type of study includes the usage of different modals of power based on how that power mixes with the social class.

Community analysis study: this study starts with a broad image of a community in mind but also including facts, and documents. This type of study utilizes reports and writing data to analyze differences, how to respond to certain types of populations, and comprehend the community system.

Problems and services study: this is the type of study that is used to solve problems by looking at the severity of the issue and going from there. This study also looks at the problems based on affordability, suitability, and effectiveness.


Armstrong, J., & Henderson, P., (1992) Discover and documenting the life of a community. Community practice skills , 189. 

BP3 – Religion & Social Work

Prompt: Trace the religious roots to social work and examine how social work and religion coalesce and/or diverge today. Make sure to point out at least 4 historical roots, 1 place of coalescing, and 1 divergent point in your analysis.

  1. Colonial America influences are found on the value of working and earning for resources. For example, Martin Luther and John Calvin valued working as something we give back to God because it gave meaning in life.
  2. Second Great Awakening opened the eyes of society to be “good and holy.” People started going to church more and thrived within their certain religious beliefs. This era led to an influence we know today as social welfare policy: religion publicized, women led a movement, and the African American conversion.
  3. Civil War Era was about helping others especially those that were in need such as soldiers and freed slaves. Soldiers in unsanitary camps with healthcare and other needs; freed slaves received assistant in jobs and training.
  4. Late 19th & Early 20th Centuries was when immigration increased and Catholics as well as Protestants reached out to help as religious organizations. Social policy was being redefined around this time.

Coalescing: Social work came about to help those in need such as immigrants, the poor, and those that lack necessary resources. When social work first started, religion played an important factor to social work values through church groups, organizations, and charities (COSs – Charity Organization Societies). The idea came about because if the poor wanted to get out of the life they are in, they must be converted and follow religion. So then social workers not only helped those in need, but was also teaching those individuals what life should be lived and viewed through religious aspects.

Divergent: Even though the majority of the American peoples preferred our government to be religious. The influence of social work and religion did not live for long as social welfare policy started to steer away from religion and focused more on seeking aid for those in need. Religion and social policy separated because religions puts an impact on politics being that not everyone is religious; there is controversy in religion and policy that America has yet to reach a solution to.

BP3 – Legislative Day

Prompt: For those who attended the Capitol experience: Write about 5 specific things you learned (or were reinforced) from the NASW Day at the Legislature and how you will use them to impact your work on a macro level in your career as a social worker.

After Legislation Day 2017, I learned:

  1. Frannie Fryor, NASW OK Board of President, introduced us in advocating on individuals, communities, and systems. We have learned this concept since the beginning of our social work classes, and we will always be reminded of this through-out our career as a social worker. The reason is because to understand the Ecological Systems Theory, is to understand how social work functions because these levels all connect. When working at a macro level, we must look at everything through an entire scope and we must also look at the individuals who are affected to be able to work at the macro level.
  2. Kara Joy McKee, Outreach Specialist Oklahoma Policy Institute, spoke about how money in terms of budget/funding is the underlying source for a program/organization/community to grow and thrive. Even with the greatest ideas and support for those ideas, without money, those ideas become nothing. This knowledge can be used to remind us that macro level practice requires a team to think and maintain budget while using our communication skills to write/ask for proposals for grants and funding leading us to know how and who to speak to.
  3. McKee also spoke about getting to know our legislatures. This is highly important in macro level work because building relationships with your legislatures and working with members of our district creates a team setting of building on ideas and leading to improvement in problem areas.
  4. The Legislative Panel taught me the various perspectives on how to benefit the field of social work by finding sustainable ways to fund core services. It is ethical to not only learn and be involved in social policies we agree with, but to also learn and hear social policies from the other viewpoints. In macro level practice, we cannot base our career and build our ideas only to people who agree with us all the time, we should expand and educate ourselves on other perspectives. This helps us to become well rounded and work with our clients and communities in the aspect of open mindedness.
  5. I learned that my representative is Jon Echols and my Senator is Kyle Loveless. To make an impact on macro level work as a social worker is to know who our representatives and senates are. Not only is it not enough just to know them, but continuing on building that relationship with them and getting others in the district involved as well. Unfortunately, Mr. Echols and Mr. Loveless were not available to meet that day, but the overall experience has given me insight for future purposes.

BP2 – 4 Stages in Policy Development

Prompt:  Your book identifies 4 stages in policy development:  formulation, legislation, implementation, & evaluation.  Describe each of these levels.  Also, using the Rocha, Poe, & Thomas (2010) article as well as your own ideas, identify 2 specific ways social workers or other concerned citizens could advocate at each of these levels.  You can use the same method twice, if you are specific as to how the activities would vary.

4 stages of policy development:

  1. Formulation – institutions provide the social intelligence in policy formation; also referred to as think tanks p. 171
  2. Legislation – legislatures and political action committees (PAC) lobby and campaign policies p. 172
  3. Implementation – just because a policy has passed, does not mean it will follow through due to necessary approvals such as authority, personnel, funding, etc. p. 175
  4. Evaluation – additional agencies such as Government Accountability Office, Office of Management and Budget, Congressional Budget Office, and Congressional Research Service developed by Congress to review federal programs p. 176

Two ways to advocate on the formulation level: educating the community on how policies are formed & to educate the community on how to think and work together as an institution

Two ways to advocate on the legislation level: voting for the party or staff members to be on the committee is an act of advocating & meeting those committee individuals in person, writing a letter, reaching out to those committee members

Two ways to advocate on the implementation level: continue to support policies even when they have failed & continue to endorse the policy through public action

Two ways to advocate on the evaluation level: work on improving organization and programs in evaluating the effects of the program & take action on what needs to be improved based on programs functions

BP2 – Allentown, PA

Prompt: Choosing one of these three communities from your readings (Allentown, PA [Morse], post-Katrina New Orleans evacuees [Cortes], or Harmony Elementary in CA [Cortes]), describe one way the community was challenged as cited by the text and two ways the struggle positively impacted its growth.

According to the reading by Morse (2014), there is no such thing as a perfect community. Rather, it is how the community responds to and handles the crisis that make a significant difference in a community. Nonetheless, it is about making decisions by hearing the voices of the members of the community, and working together by setting priorities in investing time to produce an efficient community. For example, one way the community of Allentown, PA, was challenged was through an economic crisis that came about. However, the community responded by reaching out and connecting to other communities to help transition to a newer economic plan. it was due to their economic struggles that Allentown, PA, was able to use technology to help respond to a community struggle. Another way Allentown, PA, was able to use their struggles to grow as a community was coming together as workers, scientists, managements, and unions using one another as a strong support system of relationships through trust to work on improving the economy. Allentown, PA, is a great example to look back on how a community utilized the member’s voices and worked together to respond to their challenges.


Morse, S. (2014). Smart communities: How citizens and local leaders can use strategic thinking to build a brighter future (2nd edition). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

BP1 – Definitions

Term & Definition: Ideological Stance 1: economy Ideological Stance 2: government role Ideological Stance 3: civil rights Role Issue 1: reproductive rights Role Issue 2: affirmative action
Liberalism – little to no govt regulations, no govt control is even better; individual freedom, govt to provide police force p.16 Critical of taxation; oppose income tax; reduce govt spending Marxist-style approach; individual freedom wants govt to stay out the rights to life, speech & action, private property Individuals have the rights and decisions to their own bodies Individual freedom
Neoliberalism – cautious of government; laissez-faire approach to social problems, postmodern perspective as well as postindustrial society with new opportunities. Political strategy to compromise things p. 14 Opposed to economic protectionism, strong financial regulation Personal responsibility, work and thrift as opposed to govt Self-reliance – “less is more, more is less” accepts social welfare programs Political strategy to compromise – so whatever the public good views Public spending aimed towards education
Classical Conservatism – social policy in regards to anti-union; more socially liberal vs. cultural p. 15 Lower taxes and less social spending Oppose aggressive govt regulatios limit civil rights legislation, state rights Govt’ set religious based agenda for abortion, gay marriage, contraception People have right to live as they please as long as no one is hurt in process
Neoconservatism – high unemployment good for economy, competitive income good for productivity; income inequality socially desirable; govt welfare programs to private programs p. 15 Welfare programs for economy, defense spending, foreign affairs Growth of govt welfare programs Limit individual freedom Healthcare remain private Limit individual freedom
Cultural Conservatism – dual attitude for role of govt, but not to social affairs. Social conformity to private affairs p. 16 laissez-faire approach to economics Separate church and state Social conformity For religion – guided by Christian principles Promotes public good